The results strongly suggest that Pakistani couples do not translate their stated preferences into behavior. Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. 1984;5:185-200. In other words, couples may prefer boy to girl children, but they would still rather have many girl children than few or no children at all. Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. De Tray D. Research in Population Economics, 01 Jan 1984, 5: 185-200 PMID: 12266412 . Tray, Dennis de. PMID: 12266412 Abstract PIP: The study assesses the extent to which the very strong expressed preference for sons in Pakistan influences couples' actual fertility behavior. Objective: To analyze desire for sons/daughters among ladies of Peshawar, Pakistan, with a view to rule out son preference and to study impact of various demographic characteristics on the subject. The results suggest that with regard to actual behavior, Pakistani preferences for having children may dominate preferences for children of a certain type. This extension was based on a sample of women, most of whom have completed fertility (all were aged 35 or older) and all of whom had at least 1 live birth. The sex of surviving children is an important determinant of reproductive behaviour in South Asia in general and Pakistan in particular. Though a growing body of literature examines the drivers and socioeconomic impacts of phenomenon in case of China and India, work on other Asian countries is scarce. It is found that son preference is also a major factor in determining use of permanent contraceptive methods in every country apart from Afghanistan. Son preference is common in many Asian countries. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 66, issue 2, 179 - 215 . Conclusion: There was candid son preference among the respondents. [Dennis N De Tray; Rand Corporation.] (2016) Atif et al. The Khan and Sirageldin (1977) results can be translated into a stopping rule which states that the higher the proportion of boys in a family, the less likely a couple is to go on to have another child. The association is particularly strong in Nepal, India and Pakistan. Son preference in Pakistan: An analysis of intentions versus behaviour (Rand paper series) This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. Pakistani women also seem to have exceptionally poor mental health. Neglect and discrimination on the basis of gender has been quite common in traditional societies. Another explanation is that although parents indicate that they want more boys than girls, their actions do not reflect this preference because of the dominating influence of overall desires for numbers of children regardless of the sex of those children. CMI WORKING PAPER SON-PREFERENCE, NUMBER O F CHILDREN, EDUCATIO N AND OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE IN RURAL NEPAL WP 2012:8 2 countries where later born children of both gender benefit, see Sawada and Lokshin (2009) data on from Pakistan, and Ota and Moffatt (2007) on data from India. Guru Nanak J Sociol. We investigate gender-biased breastfeeding in Pakistan using data from the 2006–07 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey. Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Allies Growing Closer: Japan-Europe Security Ties in the Age of Strategic Competition, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance. A literature review. A recently published study found that Pakistani couples express an approximately three-to-one preference for sons over daughters. This explanation is consistent with theoretical findings. Abstract: We investigate gender-biased breastfeeding in Pakistan using data from the 2006–07 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey. In summary, in Pakistan gender roles are exceptionally clearly defined. Son preference in Pakistan : an analysis of intentions versus behaviour. Such phenomenon is present in all classes of the society and exhibits in several forms. At least 2 explanations are possible for this inconsistency between intentions and behavior with each having a different implication for population policy and for the future of population growth in general. NIH Gender preference and birth spacing in Matlab, Bangladesh. The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. Was Unemployment Insurance Designed to Exclude Black Workers? This cohort study evaluates the role of the sex of children on reproductive intentions and subsequent behaviour of women in urban slums of Karachi, Pakistan. According to Mahmood and Mahmood (1995), the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) of 1990-1991 shows that one-third of women with no children have a desire to have a son, whereas the preference for a daughter is negligible. ... Pakistan, with a view to rule out son preference and to study impact of various demographic characteristics on the . Vaccine Nationalism Has Real Economic Consequences, Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs, Helping Coastal Communities Plan for Climate Change, Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK. This research has found that son preference has increased in Pakistan during 1990 to 2007. Several fertility measures and estimation techniques were used to determine whether subsequent fertility behavior is influenced by the sex composition of previous births. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. The analysis is based on two rounds of surveys conducted in 1990±91 and 1995 of a cohort of married women aged 15±49 years. Son preference is a form of gender based discrimination which is a well-recognized fact that has existed in all parts of the globe. Son preference in Pakistan:M Myth or reality; Full Text English. Continuation of the fertility transition may be difficult unless the degrees of differential stopping behavior and differential contraceptive use decline. Share this article Share with email Share with twitter Share with linkedin Share with facebook. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/.  |  Son Preference in Pakistan:A Myth or Reality Objective: To analyze desire for sons/daughters among ladies of Peshawar, Pakistan, with a view to rule out son preference and to study impact of various demographic characteristics on the subject. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review. Preference among the respondents History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable a major factor in use. Attenuated by adequately addressing son preference at all tiers in son preference for... Fact that has existed in all five countries studied determinant of reproductive behaviour in South Asia in general and.. 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