As is the case with almost all of Italy's 20 regions, Tuscany has a long wine history. Today Carmignano has approximately 270 acres (110 ha) planted, producing nearly 71,500 US gallons (271,000 L) of DOCG designated wine a year. Wine is a traditional part of the Italian lifestyle, with wine integral to the region’s lauded cuisine. 70,000 Acres – Piedmont – Barbera is the most produced Italian red wine of Piedmont. Producers who deviated from these regulations could not use the Chianti name on their wine labels and would be classified as vino da tavola - Italy's lowest wine designation. The Chianti Classico zone covers the area between Florence and Siena, which is the original Chianti region, and where some of the best expressions of Chianti wine are produced. Other international varieties found in Tuscany include Cabernet franc, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pinot noir, Sauvignon blanc and Syrah. Italian Wine Producers. He was inspired by Sassicaia, of which he was given the sale agency by his uncle Mario Incisa della Rocchetta. Traditionally Canaiolo and Mammolo make up the remaining part of the blend but some producers have begun to experiment with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. [13] Many Tuscan wine producers thought they could produce a better quality wine if they were not hindered by the DOC regulations. It is the mainstay variety in almost all of Tuscany's top reds. Monte Amiata shields the area from the winds coming from the southeast. Tuscan lunch Pienza cheese shop. From the Piedmont Region of Italy, A semidry sparkling wine produced from the Moscato di … 8 Of Our Favourite Tuscan Wines Sassicaia 2015. The climate in Tuscany has proven to be very good for these grapes. [8], The Brunello variety of Sangiovese seems to flourish in this terroir, ripening easily and consistently producing wines of deep color, extract, richness with full bodies and good balance of tannins. More recently focus has increased on neglected local red grapes, both as blending components and for single variety wines. Tuscany is Italy's third most planted region (behind Sicily and Apulia) but it is eighth in production volume. He imported several of the varieties back to Tuscany and experimented with different varieties in his vineyards. Many of these wines became cult wines. Amphora remnants originating in the region show that Tuscan wine was exported to southern Italy and Gaul as early as the 7th century BC. In the 1850s Oidium Uncinula necator and war devastated most of Tuscany's vineyards with many peasant farmers leaving for other parts of Italy or to emigrate to the Americas. Sangiovese also features in Chianti, in which it is joined by small amounts of Canaiolo and Colorino, as well as increasing quantities of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. This is a list of the 329 Italian DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) wines ordered by region. Under the name Morellino it is the grape used to make Morellino di Scansano. The wines of this massive region, north of San Antonio and west of Austin, range from Bordeaux blends to Italian varietals, as well as cool-climate grapes. To the west is the Tyrrhenian Sea which gives the area a warm mediterranean climate. Often called "Baby Brunellos", these wines are typically made from the same grapes, vineyards and style as the regular Brunello di Montalcino but are not aged as long. Riserva Chianti is aged for at least 27 months, some of it in oak, and must have a minimum alcohol content of 12.5%. Its western boundary is formed by the Tyrrhenian Sea. [4], The Sangiovese grape performs better when it can receive more direct sunlight, which is a benefit of the many hillside vineyards in Tuscany. This system took its name from the arrangement whereby the landowner provides the land and resources for planting in exchange for half ("mezza") of the yearly crop. The long list includes everything from table wine and cooking wine to some of the highest quality wines in the world. These are complex wines with incredible aging potential. [10], Noted for the quality of its wines since the Middle Ages, Carmignano was identified by Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany as one of the superior wine producing areas of Tuscany and granted special legal protections in 1716. Located in central Italy along the Tyrrhenian coast, Tuscany is home to some of the world's most notable wine regions. The use of white grapes in the blend could alter the style of Chianti by softening the wines with a higher percentage of white grapes, typically indicating that the wine is meant to be drunk younger and not aged for long. Merlot and the other Bordeaux varieties also feature, as does Syrah (most notably in Cortona). This wine style has been made in the area for over seven centuries and is considered[by whom?] The Parrina region is known for its white wine blend of Trebbiano and Ansonica. The first consortium of wine producers in Italy was established in May 14, 1924 when a group of 33 producers meet in Radda in Chianti. During the 1800s, the merchants of Bourgogne and Champagne decided to use the wines of Tuscan Valdichiana due to their renowned quality as a base for their champagnes after the phylloxera or vine-pest had destroyed their vineyards. Today there are about two hundred growers in the Montalcino region producing about 333,000 cases of Brunello di Montalcino a year. His grandson Ferruccio Biondi-Santi helped to popularize Brunello di Montalcino in the later half of the 19th century. The first policy document of 1972 only protected the denomination of the “Virgin White Valdichiana” type. The characteristic aroma is cherry but it can also carry nutty and floral notes as well. In 1999, the DOC guarantee of origin also varied the name “Valdichiana” and in 2011 with DM 22/11/11, the "Tuscan Valdichiana" denomination was further varied with the aim of giving the exact perception that the wine produced there comes from the part of the Valdichiana that is situated in the Tuscan region in the provinces of Arezzo and Siena, thus allowing the plan of promotion to strengthen the fundamental, unique, strong, and essential bond with its territory. The wine making regions of Italy are equivalent to its twenty administrative regions. See Italian Wine Labels for more details regarding this heirarchy. The wine Bianco di Pitigliano is known for its eclectic mix of white wine grapes in the blend including Chardonnay, the Greco sub variety of Trebbiano, Grechetto, Malvasia, Pinot blanc, Verdello and Welschriesling. A light-bodied dry wine the Piedmont Region of Italy. 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